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Health Care Fraud and Abuse

What is health care fraud and abuse?

  • Fraud is an intentional deception or misrepresentation that someone makes, knowing it is false, that could result in an unauthorized payment or benefit. The attempt itself is fraud, regardless of whether it is successful.
  • Abuse typically involves incidents or practices of providers that are inconsistent with accepted medical, business, or fiscal practices. These practices may, directly or indirectly, result in unnecessary costs, improper payments, or payments for services that fail to meet professionally recognized standards of care, or that are medically unnecessary.

Examples of health care fraud and abuse

  • Billed services not performed by a provider of care
  • Intentionally misrepresenting facts regarding the payment of benefits
  • Routinely waiving co-payments or deductibles
  • Billing for medically unnecessary items or services
  • “Unbundling” claims, or separate billing procedures instead of using a more appropriate global billing procedure
  • Upcoding claims, or billing at a higher rate than is appropriate for the item or service provided
  • Misrepresenting facts affecting eligibility for benefits, such as: employment status, health history, marital or student status, identity

Tips to help detect and prevent health care fraud and abuse

  • Review your Explanation of Benefits (EOB) and compare to the services billed by your provider of care. If there is a difference between your EOB and medical bill, contact MHBP.
  • Protect your health insurance information and do not share your health insurance plan card with anyone other than an authorized health care provider or your insurance plan
  • Be suspicious of free medical services that require your insurance information.
  • Inform us of any provider of care that routinely waives your copayments or deductibles
  • For more tips on identifying, preventing and reporting fraud visit the OPM website.

Reporting suspected health care fraud and abuse

Call our Special Investigations Unit (SIU) dedicated hotline to report suspected fraud and abuse activities at 866-806-7020 and select option 2. Simply leave a message and it will be reviewed promptly. You may also contact our 24/7 customer service at 800-410-7778 to make a report. If we do not resolve the issue you may call the OPM/OIG health care fraud hotline at 1-202-418-3300.

For more information on health care fraud and abuse, refer to the official Plan brochure.

Fraud and abuse websites

Visit the U.S. Office of Personnel Management/Office of the Inspector General website

Visit the National Health Care Anti-Fraud Association website

Visit the Coalition Against Insurance Fraud website

Visit Stop Medicare Fraud website